Wednesday, November 06, 2013

Things to do with Radishes

I promised recently to talk about radishes, the peppery roots that most of us, in the West at any rate, treat as a salad vegetable, and eat raw.

The radish (Raphanus sativus) is a member of the Brassicaceae family which means that it is related to cabbage and mustard (hence its pepperiness.) There are many varieties of radishes in the world, and they have been domesticated and enjoyed by humans since pre-Roman times. It seems that there are many other ways than salad to enjoy radishes, but for those of you who love them this way – have you thought of them for breakfast?

Watercress and Young Radishes.
Cut the stalks off the watercress and lay it in a dish. Wash the radishes and take the tops off, scrape the roots slightly, and slit each one twice across to make it look something like an open flower. Make a bed of watercress in a dish, lay the cut radishes on this, and place a small salt-cellar in the middle of the dish, which is now ready for the table. Watercress and radishes thus arranged have a very pretty effect, and afford a pleasant variety for the breakfast-table.
A Year’s Cookery (London, 1892) by Phyllis Browne.

Or, if you prefer your breakfast radishes cooked:

Radishes and Hop Tops Are served in spring (the radishes being skinned) at asparagus, upon toast with melted butter.
Domestic economy, and cookery, for rich and poor, by a lady (1827)

Common radishes, when young, tied in bunches, and boiled from eighteen to twenty-five minutes, then served on a toast like asparagus, are very good.
Modern Cookery, by Eliza Acton (1858)

The following recipe turned out not to be what I thought from the name – my English heritage leading me to assume that as a “chutney” it would be a thick sweet preserve. It turns out to be an interesting fresh chutney:

Radish Chutney
One lb. white radishes, 1 cupful milk curd, ½ teaspoonful ground mustard seeds, ¼ teaspoonful dry mustard, ½ teaspoonful ground cinnamon, 1 teaspoonful ground sugar.
Use large white radishes. Wash and shred them fine. Mix with the other indredients to a soft, moist mash.
Auckland Star (New Zealand) 5 June 1937

And here are some ways of cooking your radishes:

Creamed Radishes.
For this you may use radishes that have grown rather large for table use. Pare them, cut in dice, plunge in boiling water and cook until tender, then drain. Turn radishes into a good rich cream sauce which you have prepared beforehand, and serve at once.
NZ Truth , 3 October 1925.

“As Pretty as a Picture.”
“As I’m sure there is hardly a Victory Garden without a superabundance of radishes, here is a decorative and tasty way to prepare them,” writes Mrs. George W. Owens, Baltimore, MD. “If radishes are cooked quickly they retain much of their color, and the red radishes, creamy potatoes, and green parsley make an attractive picture as good as it is pretty.
2 cups red radishes
3 tablespoons butter
2 cups small new potatoes
2 tablespoons parsley, finely chopped
1 tablespoon lemon juice.
“Cut off tops and roots of radishes but do not peel. Scrape new potatoes. Cook separately in boiling salted water till tender. Drain, and butter, lemon juice and parsley, mix and serve hot.”
(Mrs Owens, although several radish recipes have appeared here recently, yours is a most pleasing addition to our files. – Mary Lee Swann.)
San Antonio Light, August 1, 1943

And one final idea:

Boiled radishes go very well with stewed steak. Simmer the radishes with the steak itself. Visitors who do not know this recipe will guess that they are eating button mushrooms.

Advocate (Burnie, Tasmania) 2 July 1941

4 comments:

Foose said...

In ancient Greece, radishes were used punitively on male adulterers by outraged husbands. So the title of this post immediately caught my eye ...

The Old Foodie said...

That sounds nasty, Foose!

Pam said...

Love radishes and your food history blog! This makes me think of my brother and his radish sandwiches! Good post!

The Old Foodie said...

Thanks Pam- and sorry for not responding sooner - I must have missed your comment. I am not sure I would like radish-only sandwiches, but there is no accounting for taste. Or, as my Mum would have said "it wouldnt do for us all to be the same."